Midrand is an area in central Gauteng that forms a key part of the metropolis in this part of South Africa. The area falls within Region A (formerly Region 2) of Johannesburg’s administrative region plan, and is more or less completely built around the N1 highway that forms a major artery running through the country.
As one of the eight major tourism nodes within the Johannesburg area, as well as being home to substantial industrial activity, the Midrand area is one of the most important regions in the whole of South Africa.
A relatively new name on the map of South Africa, Midrand was officially established as a municipality in 1981. The area itself was previously known as Halfway House, primarily due to its location approximately halfway between the metropolitan districts of Johannesburg and Pretoria (a position that is largely responsible for its geographical and logistical importance).
Following the restructuring of local government that occurred in the wake of apartheid from 1994 onwards, the area known as Midrand ceased to be an independent town. In 2000, it was officially incorporated into the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality as part of Region 2 (along with the Ivory Park area). In 2006, when the number of regions was reduced to seven, Midrand became part of what is now known as Region A. Being located along a major highway and in a central location, the Midrand area is generally quite modern, with a thriving business sector.
Midrand is located between Centurion and Kyalami. Though the name is no longer used to refer to an independent town, it is still in common use to include the suburbs around the N1 highway that stretch from just north of the Jukskei River up to the limits of the City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality. The length of the N1 that runs through this area is also known as the Ben Schoeman Highway. Although the borders of the area are not clearly defined, suburbs that are generally considered to fall within the Midrand area include Country View, Carlswald, Crowthorne, Glen Austin, Halfway House, Halfway Gardens, Vorna Valley, Noordwyk, Randjesfontein.
Midrand is home to a few notable landmarks that attract visitors to the area. Perhaps the most well known is the Kyalami Racetrack, which hosts South Africa’s premier motor racing events. Another such landmark is the Johannesburg Water Tower, a conical structure that has been an instantly recognisable feature of the Midrand skyline for many years. The Nizamiye Masjid, one of the newest features in the region, is the largest mosque in South Africa, and was built at a cost of R210 million. The country’s largest conference center: the Gallagher Estate, is also located in Midrand.
- The Midrand region covers a total area of around 152.87 km2
- Approximately 87,387 people live in Midrand, with a population density of around 570 people per square kilometer.
- The majority of Midrand’s population is made up of black Africans, while English is the first language most commonly spoken in the area.